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Travel Directory / Oceania / Nauru

Nauru Travel Guide

Nauru is an island nation in the Micronesian South Pacific. The nearest neighbor is Banaba Island in the Republic of Kiribati; Nauru is the world's smallest island nation, covering just 21 km² (8.1 sq. mi), the smallest independent republic, and the only republican state in the world without an official capital. Nauru was initially inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian races. There were traditionally 12 clans or tribes on Nauru. Most of which are represented in the 12-pointed star in the nation's flag. The Nauruan people called their island "Naoero". But the word "Nauru" was later created from "Naoero" in order for English speakers could easily pronounce the name.
The primary economic activity since 1907 has been the export of phosphate mined from the island, as Nauru is a phosphate rock island. As the phosphate reserves near exhaustion, the environment severely degraded by mining, and the trust established to manage the island's wealth significantly reduced in value, the government of Nauru has resorted to unusual measures to obtain income.

Nauru has colorful reef surrounding the island; although the waters of Nauru are too dangerous for diving. Nauru is hot and humid, with an average temperature of 25C (which is 77F). Travelling to Nauru from november to february is not advisable. That's the cyclone season and even if you don't get a big storm it can still be unpleasantly humid.

The island of Anabar is a district in the country Nauru, located in the northeast of the island. It covers a very small area of 1.5 km², and has a population rate of 810.

Anabar is also a Nauruan constituency, and is made up of the districts Anabar, Anibare and Ijuw, which covers an area of 5.1 km², and has a population of 1,240. Aiwo (or called rarely Aiue, and in earlier times Yangor) is a district and constituency in the country Nauru, located in the west of the island. Aiwo covers an area of 1.1 km² and a population of 1300, and it is also sometimes called the unofficial capital city of Nauru. Even though Nauru does not have an official capital city, and it is commonly for Yaren to be cited as the Nauru capital. The majority of Nauruan industry is located in Aiwo, which includes the Aiue Boulevard, the New Boat Port, Chinatown of the island, the NPC processing facilities and cantilever, the O'dn Aiwo Hotel (The O'dn Aiwo is privately owned), the power house and the Nauru Local Government Council chambers and offices. In the Aiwo district of Nauru is the best beach of the whole country, which is at Anibare Bay.

The magnificent beach has extra ordinary white coral sand and is also the best place on the island to surf or to swim. The water in this beach is safe and it is also a good place to catch great waves. The Anibare Bay is the only bigger attraction of the whole island. Near the Anibare Bay is the Meneng Hotel, the government owned hotel.